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Embroidery machine Needles
The needle system is a standardized numbering system that is used to identify the size and type of sewing machine needles. The needle system is typically denoted on the package by a series of numbers and letters, and there are many different needle systems for commercial and home sewing machines.
For example, the 130/705H system is commonly used for home sewing machines. This system includes a series of numbers that refer to the size and type of the needle, as well as a letter that indicates the specific use of the needle. For example, the 130/705H-J needle is designed for use with jeans, while the 130/705H-E needle is designed for embroidery.
It is important to use the correct needle system for your sewing machine to ensure that the needle fits properly and performs as intended. You can find out which needle system your machine uses by referring to the machine’s manual or by contacting the manufacturer.
The needle shaft size is an important factor to consider when selecting a sewing machine needle. The size of the needle is denoted by a set of two numbers, such as 80/12, which are typically printed on the package. The first number is the European metric size, and the second number is its equivalent in the American system.
The larger the number, the larger the needle shaft. Needle sizes range from 60/8 to 120/19, and the size of the needle should be chosen based on the type of fabric you are working with. For example, heavier fabrics require a larger needle to penetrate the fibers, while lighter fabrics require a smaller needle to avoid making large holes. The most commonly used sizes for general sewing are 75/11 or 80/12.
It is also important to consider the type and size of the thread you are using when choosing a needle size. Smaller needles have smaller eyes and are suitable for lightweight thread, while larger needles have larger eyes and are suitable for heavier, thicker thread.
The size of the needle is also stamped on the rounded side of the shank, along with the needle brand. You can use a magnifying glass to view the size if necessary. By selecting the appropriate needle size for your project, you can help ensure that your sewing machine performs at its best and your projects turn out smoothly.
There are several different types of needle tips available for use in sewing machines, each of which is designed for use with specific types of fabric. The three most common types are sharp, ballpoint, and universal needles.
Sharp needles have the sharpest point and are used when stitching fabrics that are difficult to penetrate. They are often used with woven fabrics and leather.
Ballpoint needles have a slightly rounded tip and are used when stitching knits. The point of the needle nestles between the fabric yarns rather than cutting them, which helps to prevent holes from forming in the fabric.
Universal needles are a hybrid of sharp and ballpoint needles and are suitable for use on a variety of fabrics, including both wovens and some knits. They are a good choice for general sewing or for projects where you will be working with multiple types of fabric.
When selecting a needle tip, it is important to consider the type of fabric you will be working with. The appropriate needle tip can help to ensure that your machine performs at its best and your projects turn out smoothly.
There are a variety of needle types available that are designed for different threads, fabrics, or applications. These needles may have different shapes and sizes in the groove and eye in order to accommodate specific types of thread or fabric.
The needle groove is a channel that runs along the shaft of the needle and helps to guide the thread down to the needle eye. The groove should be large and deep enough to accommodate the chosen thread, or the thread may break.
The needle eye is the small hole at the end of the needle through which the thread is passed. The size and shape of the eye may be altered depending on the specific use and type of thread that the needle is designed for.
If you are not sure which needle type is best for your project, you can refer to your sewing machine manual for specific recommendations. By selecting the appropriate needle type, you can help to ensure that your machine performs at its best and that your projects turn out smoothly.
When machine embroidering, it is important to use high-quality needles that are specifically designed for embroidery. These needles have a slightly rounded point and a larger eye to accommodate the thread as it moves rapidly back and forth through the eye, which helps to prevent thread shredding and breakage.
Embroidery needles are available in sizes ranging from 65/9 to 90/14. As with sewing, you should use a smaller needle for lightweight fabrics and a larger needle for heavier fabrics. The most commonly used sizes are 80/12 and 75/11.
If you are embroidering on a knit fabric, it is a good idea to purchase ballpoint embroidery needles. The rounded tip of these needles slides between the knit yarns rather than cutting them, which can help to prevent holes or runs from appearing in the fabric. This is especially important when embroidering on a lower-quality knit fabric.
Some embroidery needles, such as Organ Titanium Coated Embroidery Needles, have a special coating that helps to keep the needle tips intact. These needles are more expensive than standard embroidery needles, but they can last considerably longer. They are also a good choice when embroidering with adhesive-backed stabilizers, as the coating prevents the adhesive from adhering to the needle. However, it is still important to check periodically (at least during each thread change) to see if a ball of adhesive has formed on the needle blade/shaft. If necessary, you can clean the adhesive from the needle using a cotton swab slightly moistened with alcohol or water.
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