Machine Embroidery Terms Glossary
Machine Embroidery Terms Glossary

Machine Embroidery Terms Glossary

When you initial get into machine embroidery, wrapping your head around everything will get a touch bit confusing from time to time. particularly once all you see is embroidery terms that don’t very be nevertheless. Here may be a list of terms we tend to see and use often.

Appliqué – this system involves trimming or decorating cut from one piece of material so sewing it onto another. The embroidery style is sometimes cut from the material and seamed onto the finished product. Appliqué adds dimension and may embrace a spread of textures. From the flicker of glitter to sleek and glossy animal skin, appliqué elevates a design’s whereas decreasing the sew count.

Backing – (Also referred to as Stabiliser) the fabric used for support and to stay the project secure. this can be placed beneath of the adorned style. completely different sorts of backing ar accessible, as well as cut-away, tear-away, and wash-away in varied weights.

Sulky of America – Backing or Stabilisers
Bird Nesting – That awful bunching of thread between the material seamed and also the needle plate. Bird nesting will cause thread breaks and stitching issues and infrequently results from thread tensions being too loose, the machine not being rib properly, or the spool case not being inserted properly.

Bobbin – In may be a little spool wound with the thread. These ar used on machine stitch machines and frequently come back pre-wound from the makers. is purchased severally. you’ll additionally wind your own spool for your embroidery machine. As there ar completely different weights of spool thread, please check your manual to visualize that weights ar suggested for your machine.

Bobbin Case – This case holds the spool in situ within the machine and applies tension to the thread.

Bobbin Tension – spool thread tension ought to be set thus little thread is consumed in every sew. Therefore, the spool thread is tight enough to systematically hold the needle thread down on the beneath aspect of the adorned item. See tension.

Chenille – kind of embroidery within which a loop (moss) sew is made on the weather deck of the material. Uses significant yarns of wool, cotton or acrylic. Created by a chainstitch machine that has been adjusted to create this sew sort. additionally referred to as loop column.

Sweet Pea Machine Embroidery styles – Nahuatl vogue Chenille Cushion (4×4 5×5 6×6 7×7 8×8)
Cut-away – device (backing) used behind the material being adorned to forestall shifting and propulsion. Cut-away is out there in light-weight, medium, and significant weights and desires to be cut with scissors once embroidery.

Digitise – changing design into a computerized embroidery file, with every part of the look programmed as a selected sew sort. The digitised program controls each action of the embroidery machine, as well as thread changes, trims, and different functions. Digitising was once known as “punching” due to associate degree earlier technique with paper tapes punched with holes.

Density – variety of stitches during a specific space.

File Format – each form of embroidery machine reads a unique language, thus you’ll ought to load the look formatted with the proper file extension for your machine. Here’s a fast reference:

ART Bernina
DST Tajima, Brother, Husqvarna, Janome, & Pfaff
EXP Bernina
HUS Husqvarna Northman
JEF Janome
PES Brother, Baby Lock
VIP Husqvarna Northman, Pfaff
VP3 Husqvarna Northman
XXX Singer
Fill Stitches – one among the 3 commonest stitches utilized in embroidery at the side of the run stitches and fabric stitches. Fill stitches ar accustomed cowl massive areas and that they typically have a flat look. fixing the angle, length and direction of the seamed pattern will produce differing kinds of fill patterns.

Flexible Foam Interfacing – Provides a puffy dimension once seamed below cloth.


Sweet Pea Machine Embroidery styles – produce Puffy Foam Zipper Case
Float – Un-hooped device placed between the material and also the hooped device, providing extra support.

Fringe – associate degree embroidery technique that makes dimensional loops. Fringe styles ar digitised with rows of fabric stitches, control in situ by a row of smaller fabric sewing or fill stitches. The spool stitches ar then clipped from behind and fluffed from the front.

Gapping – once the material is seen either within the middle of associate degree embroidery style or on the sides.

Hooping – the method wherever cloth and device ar framed and secured within the framing.

Hoops – Hoops attach to the embroidery machine mechanical device associate degreed grip the material tightly between an inner and outer ring.

Hoop Sizes – Hoop sizes ar typically 4×4”, 5×7”, 6×10”, 8×12”, and 9×14”. These sizes aren’t constant because the stitching field of associate degree embroidery style. the look can continuously be smaller than the ring, because the machine cannot sew too closely to the sting of the interior hoop.

In-the-Hoop – (ITH) A project completed, from begin to end, within the framing.

Sweet Pea Machine Embroidery styles – genre Zipper Purse
Requires one hooping and also the purse is totally lined with no raw seams. The zips ar even inserted within the hoop.
Jump sew – Jump stitches ar accustomed move the needle from one purpose in associate degree embroidery style to a different, making stitches that ar longer than the machine would usually enable. These lines of thread should later be hand clipped away. (Some machines mechanically clip jump stitches.)

Looping – These ar loops on the highest of the adorned surface. is mounted by applying an accurate tension to the thread and adjusting sewing speed.

Monogramming – additionally known as “lettering”. it’s embroidery of letters, sometimes for initials.

Pantograph – The mechanical device is employed to connect the ring to the embroidery machine and may be stirred on associate degree X and Y axis.

Paper Tape – A semi-transparent tape accustomed secure cloth in-the-hoop for machine embroidery comes. paper doesn’t leave sticky residue on the needle, simply tears removed from stitches, and may be used on the side of the ring while not rolling.

Piecing – several little items of material sewed along (often known as patchwork).

Sweet Pea Machine Embroidery styles – thick Patchwork Zipper Purse
Puckering – once cloth is gathered by the stitches, bunching into very little puckers. Puckering is usually caused by loose hooping, short device, and incorrect thread tensions or sew density.

Presser Foot – A metal ring round the needle that touches the material.

Run sew – Run sewes (or running stitches) ar created once one stitch is made between 2 points.

Satin Stitches – The stitch is formed from terribly closely placed zigzag stitches for daring sewing. Column/satin stitches ar usually used for borders, lettering, and covering the raw edges of appliqué cloth.

SPI – Abbreviation for Stitches Per in..

SPM – Abbreviation for Stitches Per Minute.

Stabiliser – A woven or non-woven material used beneath the item being adorned . device provides support, prevents shifting throughout embroidery, and is out there during a type of sorts and weights, as well as cut-away, tear-way, wash-away, and more.

Stitch Count – the quantity of stitches utilized in associate degree embroidery style.


Tack-down sew – The initial stitches that hold appliqué cloth in situ.

Tatami Stitches – additionally referred to as fill stitches, tatami stitches ar a series of run stitches accustomed cowl massive areas. completely different fill patterns is created by ever-changing the length, angle, and sequence of the stitches.

Tear-away – device (backing) used behind cloth being adorned to forestall shifting and propulsion. Tear-away is out there in varied weights and tears simply away once embroidery is complete.

Tension – Tautness of the thread. Quality embroidery depends upon correct thread tension, which might be adjusted on the machine and spool. once viewing the side of a fabric (column) sew, regarding regarding of the thread ought to be needle thread and ⅓ ought to be spool thread.


Topping – device placed on prime of material being adorned to forestall stitches from sinking into the pile. Topping will embrace tear-away and wash-away.

Underlay – sewing place beneath the embroidery style to stabilise the material and lift the look thus detail isn’t lost.

Wash-away – device that dissolves in water once embroidery. comes like separate lace ar adorned on wash-away. once remotion the look in water, solely the sewing is left behind.

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